Sovovatum – The People of Soboba
The Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, a sovereign people, is one of six federally recognized bands of the Luiseño Nation. The Soboba Reservation is located at the base of the San Jacinto Mountains bordering the city of San Jacinto.
The Tribal members have a rich and diverse Tribal history as members come from both Cahuilla and Luiseño ancestry. Today’s members are descendants of those whom have lived on and occupied the land now known as Hemet and the San Jacinto Valley since time immemorial. The reservation currently encompasses nearly 7,000 acres, 400 of which are devoted to residential use. The Soboba Band has a current enrollment of approximately 1200 Tribal members who are governed by an elected Tribal Council that consists of 5 Tribal members.
Suvo’owu- “Winter Place”
On June 19, 1883 the Soboba Indian Reservation was established by an Executive Order that set aside 3,172.03 acres of land for the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians for their permanent occupation and use. Located at the foothills of the San Jacinto Mountains in Riverside County, the Reservation has deep canyons and rolling hills. It is 1,600 feet above sea level beginning at the San Jacinto River, which borders the Reservation’s western boundary and climbs to about 2,600 feet in the northeastern and southern portions.
Prior to both Mexican and American settlement in the valley the people of Soboba were virtually self-sufficient. The Soboba people farmed land that was irrigated with surface water from the San Jacinto River, two of its tributary streams, Poppet and Indian Creeks, and from more than forty perennial springs. These water sources sustained gardens, animals and orchards.
Adapting to the changing world around them the people of Soboba have always worked to remain a self sufficient community. Through the years the tribe has developed and incorporated many tribal departments that work for the betterment and well being of its tribal citizens. Currently the tribe has established Departments of Family Services, Public Safety, Environmental, Parks and Recreation, Public Works, Information Technology and Cultural Resources. The Tribe has also established the Soboba Tribal Preschool and Noli Indian School which cater to the educational development of its tribal citizens.